New Guard leather
New Guard leather culture evolved out of the changes in the 1980s. New Guard, or new leather, as it is also called, embraced switching and often combined spirituality with their play. An increasing number of pansexual clubs evolved as well.
The leather community has been considered a subset of BDSM culture rather than a direct descendent of gay culture as a whole, despite the fact that in years past much of the organized SM community was in fact homosexual. Today, while some may still use the term strictly in the old fashioned sense (confusing it with old guard, the "leather community" or "leather culture" includes all BDSM practitioners, gay, lesbian, straight, bisexual, or pansexual whether high or low protocol).